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Nepal is a state in South Asia located between India and China. Nevertheless, tourists constantly come here.
The fact is that most of Nepal is occupied by the Himalayan ridges with their highest peaks. We will debunk the main misconceptions about this interesting country.
Nepal is a small state. It seems that this country is tiny, lost somewhere in the mountains. It turns out that by the standards of Europe, Nepal is a very large state, 4 times larger than Belgium. Wikipedia says that Nepal ranks 93rd out of 232 countries in terms of area. It's just that the size is relatively small in relation to much larger neighbors - India and China.
Nepal is a popular and famous country all over the world. This country is known in narrow circles of professional climbers. She became notorious for the events of 2001, when one of the princes killed 9 members of the royal family. For the most part, people do not know anything about Nepal, sometimes confusing it with Tibet.
Nepal has never been someone's colony. For a long time, the country was a protectorate of the British government. During this period in the XIX-XX centuries, the main decisions in the life of the country were made by the British. Some believe that the protectorate is even worse than the colony. But in many reference books Nepal is still among the countries that have always been free.
Nepal has the second place in the world in terms of water resources after Brazil. It is officially reported that it is possible in the country to produce 43 thousand MW of water out of a total volume of 83 thousand MW. Even in India and China, the figures are higher, 150 thousand and 378 thousand. No one can compare with Brazil in terms of water resources, but Nepal is not included in the top lists at all. If we talk about water as a whole as a resource, then there is more of it both in China and in Myanmar.
Everest is located in Nepal. This is one of the most common misconceptions about Nepal. In fact, the summit is right on the border of Tibet and Nepal. Encyclopedias say the mountain lies in both China and Nepal. But who and when divided it, who owns the peak is unknown. But it is in Nepal that the main expeditions to conquer the highest point of the planet start.
Nepal is the richest country in terms of biodiversity. Nepal really has a rich flora and fauna, but it is not the most in this regard. In terms of humidity, the country is the fourth in the world, which allows a diverse flora and fauna to form.
Nepal is ruled by a king. For a long time the country was really ruled by a king. But already in our time, in the 2000s, a political crisis erupted in the country. The monarch was forced to take a number of unpopular measures, and a civil war broke out. As a result, parliament gradually excommunicated the king from political activities. And in 2007, an interim constitution appeared, which proclaimed a republic in Nepal. Now the president is its head.
Buddha was born in Nepal. I must say that Indians see their country as the birthplace of a deity. Nepal is struggling with this claim. They even issued a 100 rupee note, which reads: "Lumbini is the birthplace of Buddha." There are the ruins of the temple where, according to local legends, the god was born. In turn, the Indians show a different version on their Zee TV channel. But the show was even removed from television in Nepal. The disputes are endless. One of the journalists in Nepal even hosted a 62-hour telethon called "Buddha was born in Nepal." This show entered the Guinness Book of Records due to its duration.
There are only mountains in Nepal. Thinking about this country, it is considered exclusively mountainous. This is only partly true. Most of the territory is occupied by the Himalayas, but not the whole country is hidden in the mountains. There are four main areas in Nepal. The mountainous area lies on the border with China, next to it is hilly, there are many plateaus in the Savalik region, and Terai is a flat area. There are many swamps, meadows with savannas and forests. The very word "terai" is translated as "wet earth". This zone covers about a third of Nepal's territory, but it is still associated with cold and dry mountains, and not with large areas of swampy plains.
The Himalayas and Everest are right in the center of the country. Most of this mountain range is found in China and India, which are much larger than Nepal. And Everest is located on the very border with China. On the journey to the top, you may have to end up in another country. Buddhists live in Nepal. There are only 11% of them here, the bulk of the population, as much as 81%, profess Hinduism.
Nepal is a backward country. There is an opinion that the main population of the country is Buddhist nomads who live in the mountains. Local residents settled here long ago, using the fertile soil for agriculture. So there are few nomads in Nepal, much more peasants. But besides agriculture, Nepal also has cities. The capital, Kathmandu, is home to over 1.3 million people, comparable to Yekaterinburg. And although the country is a developing country, it has a government and a market economy. There are several political parties in this democratic state. Gradually, the country begins to change. Industry accounts for 16% of GDP, but tourism still accounts for half of it. Rich water resources make it possible to plan the construction of hydroelectric power plants.
Nepal and Tibet are one and the same. According to another view, Nepal is part of Tibet. The mistake is understandable, because the two regions are located side by side, having much in common in their cultures. Nevertheless, these peoples are very different. Nepal is an independent state that became such at the end of the 18th century. And Tibet is a large Chinese region northeast of Nepal. Back in 1913, the province declared its independence, but could not defend it, becoming part of the People's Republic of China in the 1950s. And today Tibet remains part of China. So Nepal is not synonymous with Tibet. Yes, and they speak in Nepal in Nepali, and in Tibet - in Tibetan and Chinese. If there are more Hindus in Nepal, then there are many Tibetan monks in the neighboring region. Nepal has an agricultural economy, while Tibet is mostly populated by nomads. In general, Nepal is more developed and densely populated, there are large cities and universities.
Nepal is a troubled country. In the media, news about Nepal is usually associated with stormy speeches of citizens, because the civil war here recently ended. In general, the ceasefire has been maintained since the very moment of the signing of the peace treaty. And although some tension is still present here, the country is rapidly becoming calmer. Demonstrations and riots are still taking place here, but you shouldn't be afraid of them. Most of the hiking trails are safe. They are zealously patrolled by the police, there are even special patrols for visitors. In Nepal, people are hospitable. Problems with kidnapping and robbery do not happen here more often than in other countries. You should not be afraid to go here, government conflicts have already come to naught.